Landowner Library & Toolkit

Whether you own 2 acres or 200 acres, you probably have dreams and goals for your woods. However, even for a seasoned landowner, it can be intimidating to know where to start. Here are some simple resources to get you started.

“What should I know about Ohio forests and forestry?”

  • If you want to speak to a natural resource professional or consulting forester about your goals, it helps to have some basic terminology. Check out our glossary of common forestry terms.
  • The first step to determining what you want to do in or with your woods is to understand what’s growing there. Here’s an excellent free Tree ID guide from ODNR.

“What should I consider before launching into management?”

Ask yourself a few key questions about your goals and the land to help you get off on the right foot. Should you choose to speak to a natural resource professional about creating a management plan for your property, your answers to these questions will assist in the planning process.

  • How much wooded acreage do you have? Are the boundaries marked? This is a good first step. There are some professionals ( who do this, but if you want to do it yourself, check out your county auditor’s website, or even use Google Earth to help walk your property and mark boundaries: Marking Property Lines
  • What is the history of your property, and what was the past land use? How old is the forest? We can’t plan for the future without knowing the past!
  • What are the unique features of your property that you treasure?
  • What are your existing resources and constraints? This includes the money, time, or physical limitations you have for management activities.
  • What are your long-term goals for the woods? What do you want for the forest in the future?

For more, check out, an American Forest Foundation webpage for landowners seeking to get more out of the land they love.

HF&G Tree Care Toolkit

I want my land to be…” Click on one of these to find some resources and suggestions for meeting these goals

ENJOYING the Woods

Some key questions that will help you determine management actions: What do you already use your woods for? What would you like to use your woods for?

Some ways to enjoy the woods:

  • Wildlife or bird watching
  • Hunting
  • Foraging for ramps, wild mushrooms, or other edible goodies
  • Access and trail creation for hiking
  • Cutting firewood
  • Cultivating non-timber forest product hobbies such as maple syrup

Some resources for those who want to manage their woods for enjoyment:

Keep the Woods HEALTHY

The amazing thing is… this goal can and should be kept while meeting any of the other goals! The health of a forest never, ever needs to be sacrificed in order for woods to be profitable, enjoyed, or protected.

Some key questions that will help you determine management actions: Are you aware of pests, diseases, and other threats that could be in or threatening your woods? Are there invasive plants in your woods? Do you hope to boost biodiversity?

Some ways to protect health and ecological integrity in the woods:

  • For old, already healthy forests: buffering and protecting actions such as minimizing human activity or throughways, or cleaning off boots to prevent invasive seed from entering the woods. Sometimes preservation is the best management action.
  • For woods that don’t have much regeneration: understand the impacts of deer and consider hunting or culling if the browse pressure is too high.
  • For young, densely-stocked woods: consider talking to a consulting forester about if an improvement cut could aid biodiversity and individual tree health, while also providing some structural diversity.
  • For invaded woods: Control those weeds! Invasive plant management can bring health, biodiversity, and regeneration back to stagnated woods.
  • For overall biodiversity: Consider making a “soft edge” on your woodland where young shrubby natives can grow, and young trees.

The following resources are for those who want to manage their woods for better health:

PROFIT from the Woods

Some key questions that will help you determine management actions: Have I spoken to a consulting forester? (hint… if you are considering selling timber, this is an absolute must to get a fair price and ensure the well-being of your forest!). What am I hoping to leave behind after a timber harvest? Do I need to consider cutting trees, or can I profit from my land in another way?

Some ways to earn income from the woods:

  • Permitting hunting or foraging
  • Harvesting timber sustainably
  • Cultivate and sell non-timber forest products
    • Maple syrup
    • High-value edible or medicinal mushrooms
    • Ginseng, Black Cohosh or other medicinal forest plants
    • Firewood

Some ways to OFFSET the costs or taxes of land ownership:

  • Cost-share programs such as EQIP (Environmental Quality Incentives Program) offered by NRCS (Natural Resources Conservation Service)
  • Tax relief programs such as OFTL (Ohio Forest Tax Law) or CAUV (Current Agricultural Use Value)

The following resources are for those who want to manage their woods for income:

PASS ON or PROTECT the Woods

For many, owning woodland is a cherished way of life. There are few things more powerful than a connection to the land. Whether you want to pass the land down to family, or want to ensure that it is never developed, there are resources for you to protect your woodland legacy.